Turkey, natural gas pipeline

Azerbaijan could send more natural gas to Europe through Turkey

Turkey and Azerbaijan could be key to the energy security of Europe, which wants to end its dependence on Russian natural gas.

Azerbaijan is willing to increase its supply of natural gas to Europe through Turkey, given the concern in the old continent about the enormous dependence on gas from Russia as a result of the war in Ukraine, the Azeri Energy Minister, Parviz Shahbazov, said on Monday.

The issue would have been discussed during a meeting held only a few days ago by the President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev and the Turkish President Tayyip Erdoğan, in which they both discussed the gas pipeline project that will connect Turkey with the Azeri autonomous region of Nakhichevan (located between the Turkish and Armenian border). In said meeting, both leaders also spoke about how to address energy security in Europe.

Supply from Azerbaijan’s natural gas fields in the Caspian Sea to Europe could be brought through gas pipelines such as the TANAP (Trans-Anatolian Gas Pipeline), or even the TAP (Trans-Adriatic Gas Pipeline), which began operations in 2020 and reaches as far as south Italy.

Russia is currently the largest supplier of natural gas to Europe: around 30% of the natural gas consumed by Europeans comes from Russian territory, although in some countries this percentage rises considerably, reaching up to 80% in Austria. Although he has promised to respond to Western sanctions, Russian President Vladimir Putin assured last week that Russia “will continue to fulfill all its obligations in the supply of energy.”

It is estimated that Moscow earns about 700 million euros every day from the gas sold to Europe. However, as a result of the invasion of Ukraine, EU countries are looking for alternative supply routes to stop depending on Russian gas, so other sources such as natural gas sent from Azerbaijan through Turkey could be key in the new European energy strategy.